The Biden administration has successfully mobilized many Western allies to support its pressure campaign against Russia, but it has been difficult to recruit many allies and key rivals to oppose Moscow’s invasion of Ukraine.
“I would say more than 50 percent of the world’s buildings [gross domestic product] Failure in a global alliance is rare. I do not think anyone will call it a failure, “said White House spokeswoman Jen Psaki on Monday.
However, US officials have been involved with countries around the world that are often neutral in the conflict or refuse to put further pressure on Russia.
Here are five countries that are trying to pressure the administration to do more to put pressure on Russia and blunt the global economic ripples of its invasion.
President Biden almost met Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Monday, two weeks after Deputy National Security Adviser Talib Singh left for New Delhi for meetings with Indian officials.
Biden has often called for unity among democracies in opposing Russia’s invasion. But India, the world’s largest democracy, continues to import Russian oil and has been neutral on the UN vote on human rights abuses in Ukraine.
During his talks with Modi, Basaki told reporters that Biden sought to clarify the implications of sanctions imposed by the United States and its allies, and stressed that the United States would be ready to assist India in diversifying its energy imports.
“The president also made it clear that he did not believe that accelerating or increasing Russia’s imports of energy or other goods was in India’s interest,” Psaki said.
He highlighted India’s involvement with the United States in some respects, its condemnation of civilian killings in Psaki, Ukraine and Bucha, and its support for independent investigations into possible war crimes and its humanitarian relief efforts.
“So now part of our intentions is to build it and encourage them to do more,” he said. “That’s why it’s important to have conversations from leader to leader.”
Saudi Arabia / UAE
Oil-rich Gulf states and influential members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC +) have opposed calls by the United States to increase the supply of oil to world markets to reduce rising prices amid efforts to secure approval. Restrict Russian oil and gas exports.
Saudi Arabia in particular has relied heavily on its agreement with Russia on oil production and pricing – Riyadh’s future domestic economic planning – as part of efforts to diversify their economy from relying on energy.
Russia’s war between Riyadh and Washington in general comes amid US condemnation of the role of Saudi Prince Mohammed bin Salman in the assassination of Washington Post journalist Jamal Kashoki.
The Wall Street Journal reported last month that Crown Prince Mohammed had refused to talk to Biden about a US ban on Russia’s oil imports. The White House said the report was incorrect.
Hussein Ibish, a senior resident scholar at the Arab Gulf Institute in Washington, DC, rejected the notion that Saudi Arabia’s and the United Arab Emirates’ position on Russia had failed, but instead described it as a “partial victory.”
“The United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia are vague,” he said, adding that the Gulf states were preparing to face tough decisions from Washington and the international community.
“I think they all miscalculated that the invasion of Ukraine was not a European and global crisis. They thought they would be too narrow for these events, which is not true.
Ebish added that Riyadh and Abu Dhabi expect more security guarantees from the Biden administration, especially as such an agreement with the United States in Yemen to counter attacks by pro-Iranian Houthi rebels could move them into measures to increase spending on Russia. .
“Saudi may have to increase [oil] Production and breaking the OPEC + agreement with Russia, “Ibish said.” It will be a painful and unpleasant thing for them, but if they do, they can make sure they do it to get a positive reset with Washington. “
The Biden administration spent considerable time and energy trying to persuade China to help Russia with military equipment or financial assistance.
Biden has spoken directly with Chinese President Xi Jinping, Foreign Minister Anthony Blingen has met with Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi, and National Security Adviser Jake Sullivan has met with Chinese Ambassador Yang Jiechi. In each case, US officials have warned Beijing against intervening in Russia’s favor.
Officials say it is not yet clear whether China is determined to stay out of the Russia-Ukraine conflict. But so far, Beijing has not yet sent the military aid requested by Moscow.
Reuters reports that China respects Russia’s oil deals, but has not yet signed new ones, with Beijing aware of the potential setback for economically backward Western nations.
A senior Biden executive told reporters shortly after the invasion that they were confident that Beijing would not come to Russia’s rescue, noting that “China tends to respect the power of US sanctions.”
In the early days of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, German Chancellor Olaf Scholes was celebrated for turning Berlin’s historic pacifist position into a drastic measure, providing dangerous military aid to the city of Kiev and halting the North Stream 2 gas pipeline. Europe.
But that momentum slowed as the war entered its seventh week, and Germany slowed global oil and gas imports by further squeezing Russia’s war chest, giving voice to calls from other countries in the United States and Europe. About $ 1 billion a day.
Germany continues to rely on Russian natural gas supplies through the North Stream 1 pipeline, and its top officials have warned that shutting down Spicot is not an option for Europe’s most populous country.
A delegation of House lawmakers, led by House Majority Leader Steny Hoyer (D-Md.), Travels to Berlin this week to meet with Scholes as part of a multi-nation Europe tour.
The Allies are aware of the difficulty in immediately separating Europe and especially Germany from Russian power.
“I do not think it’s fair and just to criticize the German government, it’s living in a situation created by decades of decisions,” said James Cloverley, Britain’s top ambassador to Europe and North America, in an interview praising the steps taken by Germany.
“President Scholes redefined German foreign policy last month as a direct result of the invasion of Ukraine,” he wisely said.
Hungary is a NATO ally, but it has proven to be a critical nation in dealing with the ongoing conflict by being careful about how it responds to the Russian invasion.
Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban, a dictatorial leader in power since 2010, has condemned the invasion but refrained from speaking out against Russian President Vladimir Putin.
As a member of the European Union, Hungary is part of a group of countries that have helped impose sanctions, but Hungary has taken steps to help stem the Russian economy.
Orban said last week that it was ready to buy Russian gas in rubles as a step to help stabilize the Russian currency as many Western nations seek to reduce or completely cut off energy purchases from Russia and isolate its currency.
“Hungary is a NATO-friendly country, and it continues to be.
“They are currently providing troops of the Army Striker Infantry as part of the NATO war team. We continue to conduct joint exercises with them and we will continue to work to strengthen our alliance with Hungary.