The Vienna-based security establishment has widely blamed Russia Its military operations target hospitals, schools, residential buildings and water facilities, leading to civilian deaths and injuries.
“Overall, the report documents a list of inhumane acts committed by Russian forces in Ukraine,” Michael Carpenter, the US ambassador to the OSCE, said in a statement on Wednesday. “This includes evidence of direct targeting of civilians, attacks on medical facilities, rape, executions, looting and forced deportation of civilians to Russia.”
The report concludes that the airstrikes that tore down the maternity hospital in Mariupol were a Russian attack. “Based on Russian interpretations, the attack must have been planned and carried out,” the report on the March 9 attack on the Mariupol maternity home and children’s hospital said. “No effective warning was given and no time limit was set. Therefore, this attack is a clear violation of international humanitarian law and those responsible are involved in war crimes.
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When the Russian government accused the hospital of being used for military purposes, Carpenter said, “the mission has categorically rejected these claims.” OSCE experts did not go to Ukraine, but sorted out sources from a number of sources, including open source materials and accounts of human rights and non-profit groups.
The attack on the Mariupol Theater, where hundreds of civilians had sought refuge since the building collapsed, said: . “
Overall, the report said, “Russian forces have found clear patterns of international humanitarian law violations in their hostilities.” However, it added that although the report could “contribute to the first collection and analysis of facts, more detailed investigations are needed, especially in establishing personal criminal liability for war crimes.”
The report monitors alleged abuses that took place between February 24 and April 1, the day of Russia’s invasion. A missile attack on a train station in the eastern city of Gramadorsk last week killed at least 50 people, including children, or the recent atrocities. Reported in Pucha, a suburb of the capital Kiev.
The 110-page report states that “there is credible evidence that such human rights abuses … often take place in areas under effective Russian control.”
After a referendum on most of its member states, including Ukraine, OSCE began its investigation last month to continue its fact-finding mission. The United States is part of an organization of 57 members, such as Russia and its ally Belarus. Russia and Belarus are among the dozen countries that have not voted on the review, and have not yet publicly commented on the report.
The OSCE inquiry was prompted by a vote on the so-called “Moscow mechanism” for the 1991 conference in the Russian capital, which allowed member states to send independent experts to another member state to resolve issues of “human rights and democracy.” According to OSCE.
Ukrainian authorities say hundreds of civilians have been briefly hanged in Pucha and that they have evidence of torture, mutilation and the shooting of bystanders. The alleged events in Pucha – Ukraine recaptured much of the territory and Russian forces began to divert from areas near Kiev in the east and south of the country – led to the suspension of Russia from the UN Human Rights Council. Russia has called such killings “forum” or “fake.”
The OSCE report found that the events in Pucha deserved “serious international investigation with forensic experts” and that “evidence of a major war crime and a crime against humanity in the northwest city.” Of Kiev.
International Criminal Court lawyer Kareem Khan called Ukraine a “crime scene” during a visit to Pucha on Wednesday, where his team gathered evidence.
Massive search for bodies left by Russian occupiers in Pucha
“This report is the first of many,” said Neil Bush, the UK ambassador to OSCE. “As an international community, we must hold those responsible for the atrocities in Ukraine, including military commanders in Ukraine and other individuals under Putin’s control.”
Women and children are particularly hard hit by Russia’s abuses, according to a report released by the OSCE Office for Democracy and Human Rights. The organization also cited Ukraine’s role in allegations of abuse and treatment of prisoners of war. “However, the violations committed by the Russian Federation are huge in nature and scale,” it said.
On Tuesday, President Biden noted that the killings in Ukraine were a sign that Russia was committing “genocide”, which had previously been avoided by US officials. He later told reporters that he had deliberately used the word in his speech, however, adding that “lawyers should be allowed to decide internationally whether it is appropriate or not.” But he said, “Of course I feel that way.”
The war in Ukraine has been going on for more than seven weeks, with 1,892 people killed and 2,558 wounded, according to the United Nations’ incomplete account. Ukrainian officials say the actual death toll is several thousand. About 4.6 million people have fled the country as refugees.
Russian President Vladimir Putin on Tuesday called the war a “tragedy” but stressed that Russia had “no choice” but to invade its western neighbor. He told reporters that a “special military operation” in Ukraine was underway and would continue until its targets were reached.
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The Moscow mechanism has been used nine times before by OSCE, first in 1992 in Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina. It was recently implemented in Belarus in 2020, with 17 member states calling for an investigation into alleged human rights abuses there.
The United States, Germany, the United Kingdom and France are among the member states that implemented the mechanism last month. Earlier in April, Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmitry Kuleba Called Russia should be suspended from the OSCE for its “unjustified occupation”.