CMarine Le Pen, who campaigned in Burgundy the day after the second round of the French presidential election, could not have been more clear: “I do not want to leave the EU,” he said. “That’s not my goal.”
What the leader of the far-right federation National (National Rally) wants to do, however – is to break the rules of the EU – economic, social policy and immigration – and the 27-member bloc he is likely to come to Élysée Palace next weekend.
The founding member of the European Union, Le Pen may have abandoned previous promises to take France out of the euro single currency and half of the main Franco-German machine that operated it since its second largest economy and its creation.
In the 2017 election, fears about the economic consequences of that policy, and above all the concerns of older voters about their savings, were widely seen as contributing to the second round defeat against pro-European Emmanuel Macron.
This time, the EU was not named in a dozen or more key themes of Le Pen’s election campaign. Many of his firm policy proposals, however, are in stark contrast to the obligations of EU membership.
Protesters and commentators called the strategy “Brexit in everything except the name”: although it was not intended to remove France from the camp, it was essentially trying to redesign it and lead to a paralyzing conflict with Brussels.
“Le Pen’s EU policy: ‘We’m going to be on the bus, but we’ll drive it off a cliff,'” Mujtaba Rahman said, Europe Director of Eurasia Group Consulting. He said it would “try to destroy the EU from within” and “pose a greater threat to the EU’s position than Brexit.”
Pascal Lamie, a former chief executive of former European Commission President Jack Delors, said Le Pen’s victory would be “a bigger shock than this.” Trump was for the United States, or Brexit for the UK. ”
He said his “sovereign, security, nationalist” agenda was “completely contrary to the French commitment to European integration” and “included proposals that would completely violate the agreements on which France subscribed.”
Central to Le Pen’s plans is an early referendum on the proposed legislation on “citizenship, identity and immigration”, which would change the constitution to allow French citizens employment, social security benefits and a “national priority” in public housing – a non-compliance measure. EU values and rules of independent operation.
The same referendum would establish “the primacy of national law over European law” and allow it to “compromise its European involvement not only in the control of immigration but in the protection of its national sovereignty and its interests in all other areas.” Says his RN party.
The aim is to benefit France through a “Europe a la carte” that is not the beginning of a coalition that was forcibly rejected during the Brexit talks on the 27th. With the UK.
“This is absurd,” said Joan-Louis Borlongs, a centrist parliamentarian and chairman of the French parliament’s foreign affairs committee. “Once you have confirmed the primacy of national law, you have no European law. Marine Le Pen rejected the official expulsion, but his plan was not in line with the continued French membership of the EU.
Le Pen also aims to re-establish border controls on imports and populations, violating EU and Schengen rules and unilaterally reducing France’s contribution to the EU budget – while the group’s multi-year financial structure from 2021 to 2027 has already been determined. Further plans to reduce taxes on essential commodities and fuels would violate EU free market rules.
There may be big questions as to how far this plan can be implemented, both domestically and in the EU context. Le Pen’s ambitions will be thwarted if he fails to win a parliamentary majority in the June elections, and EU legal experts point out that even a referendum on the primacy of national law would violate European agreements.
French lawyers say the country’s Supreme Court, the Constitutional Council, will overturn Le Pen’s referendum plan by presidential decree – and precisely any referendum aimed at changing the constitution must have the support of parliamentarians and senators. .
The European Union, as it stands today, said earlier this year that Le Pen was an “invasive and dictatorial” mob locked up in a “globalized, open-border ideology that destroys our identity,” and “the domination of nations.” ”.
His vision was that “the alliance of nations … would respect the people, history and national sovereignty”, that its members could “support their own businesses to public agreements” and “re-establish permanent checks on their borders”.
But even if he declares the primacy of French law and fails to establish a national will, the small print on Le Pen’s plan will inevitably lead France to a contradictory relationship with the EU – with political turmoil, the inevitable outcome of France. Stock within the block.
“She can keep it full [the EU] Former European Commission official George Riggs predicts that the EU’s ability to cope with crises ranging from security to climate will be “dramatically weakened.”
Le Pen has vowed to pull France out of NATO’s integrated command structure. He also wants a strike against France’s EU renewable energy targets and the removal of French windmills. “Any topic can be very complicated,” Rickels said.
EU insiders fear that this will give a major boost to nationalist-conservative governments in countries such as France, Poland and Hungary, led by Le Pen, and that alliances with capitals that have long challenged the rule of EU law and are locked in a war with Brussels.
“It will stop every attempt to change things in Poland and Hungary,” said Delbos-Garfield, a French MEP working for the rule of law in Quentin. While Green MEP believes that EU companies and the single market will continue under President Le Pen, he thinks it will be “the end of the EU based on the rule of law and values.”
As for the EU, a president, Le Pen, represents a five-year “empty chair” crisis, and in 1965 Lami referred to the events that led to the continued boycott of European institutions by then-French President Charles de Gaulle in the budget in 1965.
“Of course, in the next five years it will be a big problem, in the short term,” he said. “If she’s selected with the plan she has, it’s hard for me to believe she’s re-elected.”